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An automobile model (or car model or model of car and typically abbreviated to just “model”) is a particular brand of vehicle sold under a marque by a manufacturer usually within a range of models usually of different sizes or capabilities. From an engineering point of view a particular car model is usually defined and or constrained by the use of a particular car chassis bodywork combination or the same monocoque although sometimes this is not the case and the model represents a marketing segment. A model may also be referred to as a nameplate specifically when referring to the product from the point of view of the manufacturer especially a model over time. For example the Chevrolet Suburban is the oldest automobile nameplate in continuous production dating to 1934 (1935 model year) while the Chrysler New Yorker was (until its demise in 1996) the oldest North American car nameplate. “Nameplate” is also sometimes used more loosely however to refer to a brand or division of larger company (e.g. GMC) rather than a specific model. This engineering frame may have derivatives giving rise to more than one body style for a particular car model. For example the same model can be offered as a four-door sedan (saloon) a two-door coup a station wagon (estate) or even as a folding-roof convertible all derived from essentially the same engineering frame. An example of this is the BMW 3-series. Fully specifying an automobile can involve many levels of detail most basically: Manufacturer (company) Model (brand product name) Model year and often further: Body style (e.g. 2-door 4-door) Trim level (often denoted by lettering after the model name) Individual options (e.g. a sunroof) Traditionally in North America especially in police reports automobiles are specified by “year make model” — model year manufacturer and product as in a “2000 Toyota Camry”. Contents hide 1 Mechanical internals 2 Marketing 3 Regional variations 4 Trim levels 5 Model years 6 See also 7 References Mechanical internals edit The same car model can be offered with different mechanical internals such as a choice of several engine sizes automatic or manual transmissions different suspension braking or steering systems etc. all of these options considered fairly interchangeable on that specific body frame. It is common for any specific car model to carry additional badges or letterings to announce the mechanical option(s) incorporated on it. However when the same engineering body frame is sold under a different marque or by a partner automaker it usually becomes from a commercial point of view a different car model. See badge engineering. Marketing edit Sometimes the marketing department may give each body style variant its own trade name creating as many car models as body variants even though they may share a large parts commonality and the engineering department may continue to consider them all part of the same project. An example of this is the Volkswagen Golf hatchback and the Volkswagen Jetta which is of “three-box” design with a boot trunk added to what is essentially a Golf. Conversely the marketing department may advertise a car model as a convenient derivative of some popular car when in fact they may be completely different engineering projects with almost no parts commonality or from differing generations of the model. (For example convertibles are often so heavily engineered for a relatively small number of sales that an older generation model is facelifted and carried forward with a new generation of the model s other body styles.) However this can also mean that it can change some things. vague Regional variations edit The same car model may be sold by the automaker in different countries under different names. An example of this is the Mitsubishi Pajero Montero. Trim levels edit Previously automakers (especially American) had offered lots of options to give customers much flexibility however this has largely been discarded in favor of trim levels (also known as grades and sometimes as option packages) which offers manufacturing and marketing simplicity.